Rome

About the City

Rome with its classic ruins, Renaissance palazzos, and Baroque fountains is Italy's vibrant capital and unlike other cities has a powerful presence of beautiful and rich history and culture. The city’s warm Mediterranean climate is a huge motivating factor for tourists from everywhere. For the past 25 centuries, history has left a huge mark in the streets and buzzing neighbourhoods of Rome.

Rome is the perfect place for you to practice and perfect your Italian skills. Roaming in the sweet art of idleness of the streets or praying in the many churches in Vatican would be part of your memorable experiences in Rome. It’s a heady mix of unforgettable sights, overwhelming art, beguiling pizza and exciting street life, Italy's Eternal City is one of the world’s most attractive and inspiring capitals.

History of the City

Rome's history is the transformation from a small Latin village to the centre of a vast empire, through the founding of Catholicism, and into the capital of today's Italy over the past two thousand years.

Rome is traditionally said to have been created by the mythical twins Romulus and Remus but actually, Rome was founded as a small village on top of the Palatine Hill sometime in the 8th century BC; due to the village's position at a ford on the Tiber River, Rome became a crossroads of traffic and trade. This soon established into the capital of the Roman Kingdom, controlled by a series of kings, before becoming the seat of the Roman Republic in 509BC and then the centre of the Roman Empire from 27BC to 285AD.

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Rome was the largest, richest, most influential city in the Western world, with dominance over most of Europe and the Mediterranean Sea for the first thousand years. Through the years with the rise and fall of the monarchy, finally, the creation of the Italian Republic occurred in 1946 which is today's modern and bustling Rome with an ancient core that reflects the many periods of its long history.

Commuting to the City from the Airport

On arriving at the Leonardo da Vinci/ Fiumicino International Airport - Rome's main airport is efficient and well connected to the city centre by public transport.

By train, the Leonardo Express leaves every 30 minutes to Roma Termini, Rome's central train station (35 min trip). Tickets cost €14 and are available (within 7 days of departure online) and taxis cost a fixed rate of €48.

Bus is the easiest and cheapest way to get to the central city. It costs around €5 and takes around 55 minutes.

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Travelling within the City

If in Rome for at least 3 days, consider purchasing the Roma Pass. It entitles holders to free admission to the first two museums and/or archaeological sites visited, full access to public transportation and costs €38.5 for 72 hours (or €28 for a 48 hour pass).

Taxis can be very expensive and the use of cars in general is pointless because of heavy traffic. Travelling by foot or using the trains or trams is the most efficient and quickest way to move around Rome.  

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 A single-ride ticket costs € 1.50 and can be used in buses, trams or into and out of the Metro on one journey; valid for 100 minutes and for 24 hours € 7.

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Sightseeings

Colosseum

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Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, was commissioned in AD 72 by the Roman Emperor. The Colosseum is located just east of the Roman Forum and was built to a practical design, with its 80 arched entrances allowing easy access to 55,000 spectators, who were seated according to rank. This is a must-see sight in Rome as it showcases an important part of ancient cultural and entertainment history. Many modern stadiums have been inspired by the Colosseum. The entry fee is € 12 and the timings differ according to the month you plan to visit. For more details, you can check this link.

The Roman Forum 

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The Roman Forum is an impressive but a rather confusing stretch of ruins that is an important part of ancient Rome's showpiece centre, a magnificent area of temples, basilicas and vibrant public spaces. The spot, which was originally an Etruscan burial ground, was first developed in the 7th century BC, growing over time to become the social, political and commercial hub of the Roman Empire. It opens at 8:30 am and closes one hour before sunset and costs € 12.

The Roman Pantheon

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Pantheon is the most preserved and influential building of ancient Rome. This striking 2000-year-old temple, now a church, is the best conserved of Rome’s ancient monuments and one of the most powerful buildings in the Western world. It's a distinctive and exciting experience to pass through its vast bronze doors and gazing up at the largest unreinforced concrete dome ever built. The best part is it is absolutely free of cost and its timings are between 9 am to 7: 30 pm.

Circo Massimo

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Also known as the Circus Maximus was an ancient Roman racing stadium with mass entertainment value. It's said that entry to this place was free for all classes of people. It was a massive 250,000-seater capacity structure and used to be the most happening place in ancient Rome.

Trevi Fountain

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Trevi Fountain is situated in the Trevi district of Rome. Designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi, this is one of the iconic structures of Italy.  There's a famous saying that dropping three coins in the fountain will bring you back to Rome one day.

Piazza Navona

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It's a piazza situated on the site of Stadium of Domitian in Rome.  It was built in the 1st century AD and follows the form of open space. A tour of Rome is incomplete without a view of the beautiful piazza.

Vatican City

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 It's a city-state surrounded by the Rome and the headquarters of Roman Catholic Church. It's the smallest country in the world, encircled by a 2-mile border with Italy. Rated as the UNESCO world heritage centre, it's the home to the Pope.  You may cover important sites like Vatican museum, St. Peter's Basilica, Sistine Chapel, St Peter's square, Apolostic palace, the Last Judgment and much more. If you are fond of photography, then this place will be a paradise.

Musei Vaticani

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Also known as the Vatican museum, located within the Vatican City, displays works by Popes, their immense collection, masterpieces of the Renaissance, 70,000 artworks and much more. Visit the culture museum to understand the medieval history of Europe. Explore the Greek cross gallery, Sala Rotonda, Gallery of statues, Gallery of busts, Cabinet of masks, Sala Della Muse, Museo Chiaramonti and much more. It records 6 million visits each year making this place one of the frequently visited places of the world.

Castel Sant Angelo

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It's a towering cylindrical building situated in Parco Adriano. It's a mausoleum also known as the Hadrian's Tomb. It served as the Papal fortress, residence and also prison. The gallery will exhibit masterpieces like the original angel by Raffaello da Montelupo, Bronze statue of Michael da Montelupo and various paintings.

 You can learn more about the sightseeing's and also how to see the sightseeings by reading this article.

One day Trips

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When to go and for how many days?

Three to Four days are a good amount of time to spend in a city like Rome. But due to its rich historic culture it is impossible to cover everything in a few days. But even with fewer number of days, the central city with the museums, churches and parks can be explored.

Strolling around the city like a true local exploring the markets and trying the local cuisine is an important part of vacationing in Rome. If a few extra days are available, it could be spend exploring the museums and churches in Vatican City.

Possible Itinerary

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Restaurant

Rome is full of good restaurants, many in attractive settings and not one location can be recommended to search for a good restaurant.

Some of the best places to eat are in the most doubtful places while well-situated eateries can often live on their reputation rather than the quality of their food.

Pizzerie al taglio are the city's very own equivalent of a fast-food joint that are located everywhere and a must try for enjoying the local pizza. 

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Nightlife

Testaccio is the best place for exploring the nightlife and to wander for after-dinner partying on the weekends. Take Metro line B and get off at the Piramide stop and listen for music after 11 pm. Many clubs in Rome close in the summer months.

Tourists like to go on Roman pub crawls such as the Colosseum Pub Crawl which has been throwing parties since 1999. To the east of Termini station, and near the University of Rome, is the San Lorenzo district, where you will find many pubs and clubs where university students and young Romans spend their nights.

Rules and Regulations

Do not eat near the historic sites, it is illegal. Groups are not allowed to drink, eat or dance in public and is punishable by the law.

Social Etiquettes

Italian breakfast contains of a pastry and a cappuccino or shot of espresso. If eaten outside of home, breakfast is always consumed standing up at the local bar.

An espresso is not sipped; it is downed in one gulp. Cappuccino is generally a morning drink and is looked down upon if drunk after noon.

Emergency Contact Numbers

Police No/ Ambulance/ Fire- 113/118

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